Gingivitis or gum inflammation
Gingivitis is the infection of gums caused by bacteria that are not removed causing specific symptoms. There are two stage, acute and chronic. Both requires attention to prevent teeth damage.
Signs and symptoms of Gingivitis -
1 Gums look spongy and lacks firmness
2 Plaque and tartar build-up
3 It looks reddish rather than pink
4 Bleeds easily
5 Patient may complain of bad breath
6 Sometimes teeth feel sensitive
Acute Gingivitis – This is usually the result of infections by micro-organisms or bacteria. It is characterized by pain, swelling and bleeding of gums.
Chronic Gingivitis- This is inflammation of gums due to plaque accumulation around teeth and gums. It may not look red and may be bleeding or not at all. The swelling may cover part of the teeth surfaces. Easily treated with prophylaxis and deep cleaning of the gums.
How to reduce plaque and tartar build up
1 Have Scaling and Polishing done at least twice a year at the dental office
2 Brushing gently and flossing at least twice a day and if possible, one more time after lunch.
3 Brush with the right technique. recommended. This technique does not traumatize the gums.
4 An electric toothbrush is recommended for those who do not manage manual brushing well.
5 Replace brush heads about once every three months
6 Alcohol free gargles preferred.
7 Reduce or avoid smoking if possible as they contribute to its build-up.
8 There are optional dental aids such as the tooth mousse that can reduce plaque build-up.
When gingivitis is not controlled, it leads to periodontitis